CHARACTERIZATION OF FIVE NEW OLIVE (OLEA EUROPAEA L.) CULTIVARS OBTAINED IN A CROSSBREEDING PROGRAM IN TUNISIA

Authors

  • I. Guellaoui University of Sousse, High Agronomic Institute of Chott Mariem, and Olive Tree Institute, Laboratory of Improvement and Protection of Olive Genetic Resources. Aeroport road, PB 1087, 3000 Sfax, Tunisia
  • F. Ben Amar Olive Tree Institute, Aeroport road, PB 1087, 3000 Sfax, Tunisia. Laboratory of Improvement and Protection of Olive Genetic Resources
  • M. Ayadi Olive Tree Institute, Aeroport road, PB 1087, 3000 Sfax, Tunisia. Laboratory of Improvement and Protection of Olive Genetic Resources
  • M. Boubaker University of Sousse, High Agronomic Institute of Chott Mariem, Sousse 4042, Tunisia. Agronomic department

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/jfas.v11i3.19

Keywords:

Chemlali Sfax; hybridization; morphology; oil quality.

Abstract

Five new olive (Olea europaea L.) variety issued from a Tunisian breeding program were released in 2017. The objective of this program is to enhancethe quality of the oil of local variety 'Chemlali Sfax', its oil has a moderate rate of oleic acid (55-64 %) and is relatively rich in palmitic acid (17-22 %). A wide genetic diversity was observed within the new cultivars which differ from the typical cultivar. The results of the morphological evaluation of the leaf, fruit and stone showed mainly the appearance of new morphological states for the fruit and the stone and a significant increase of the fruit weight (medium).The fatty acid composition was better than that of Chemlali Sfax varity. In November, the palmitic and linoleic acids concentrations decreased significantly for the different olive oils, while the oleic acid concentrations were higher than the original cultivar. From November to January, the different fatty acid levels were always better than those of Chemlali Sfax.

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References

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Published

2019-08-30

How to Cite

GUELLAOUI, I.; BEN AMAR, F.; AYADI, M.; BOUBAKER, M. CHARACTERIZATION OF FIVE NEW OLIVE (OLEA EUROPAEA L.) CULTIVARS OBTAINED IN A CROSSBREEDING PROGRAM IN TUNISIA. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. 1318–1333, 2019. DOI: 10.4314/jfas.v11i3.19. Disponível em: https://www.jfas.info/index.php/JFAS/article/view/401. Acesso em: 25 feb. 2024.

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